Signed March, 1992, The Treaty on Open Skies establishes a regime of unarmed aerial observation flights over the territories of its signatories. The Treaty is designed to enhance mutual understanding and confidence by giving all participants, regardless of size, a direct role in gathering information through aerial imaging on military forces and activities of concern to them. Open Skies is one of the most wide-ranging international arms control efforts to date to promote openness and transparency in military forces and activities.
All of a state-party’s territory can be overflown. No territory can be declared off-limits by the host nation.
N. Fukuta and and Y. PaikDenver Research Institute, University of Denver, Denver, Colo. 80210
Weather Modification: Programs, Problems, Policy and Potential
Prepared at the request of Honorable Howard W. Cannon, Chairman
Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
United States Senate, May 1978
Weather Modification by Carbon Dust Absorption of Solar Energy
Solar geoengineering Using Solid Aerosol In The Stratosphere
Abstract: Solid aerosol particles have long been proposed as an alternative to sulfate aerosols for solar geoengineering. Any solid aerosol introduced into the stratosphere would be subject to coagulation with itself, producing fractal aggregates, and with the natural sulfate aerosol, producing liquid-coated solids. Solid aerosols that are coated with sulfate and/or have formed aggregates may have very different scattering properties and chemical behavior than uncoated non-aggregated monomers do. We use a two-dimensional (2-D) chemistry–transport–aerosol model to capture the dynamics of interacting solid and liquid aerosols in the stratosphere.
The Manhatten Project
The Manhattan Project was the project undertaken during World War II by the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada to develop the first nuclear weapon (atomic bomb). Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineering District (MED),Manhattan Project refers specifically to the period of the project from 1941-1946 under the control of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie Groves, with its scientific research directed by the American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer.
The project’s roots lay in Allied scientists’ fears from the 1930s that Nazi Germany might be developing nuclear weapons of its own. Born out of a small research program in 1939, the Manhattan Project eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion USD ($24 billion in 2008 dollars based on the consumer price index). It resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that operated in secret.
Military Weather Experiments
Military weather experiments beginning from 1935 and Tesla’s technology up to Bernard Eastlund’s research, 1999.
Weather Modification Companies
Documented Geoengineered Weather/Bio Warfare Experiments
In 1953 U.S. Military Sprayed Canadian Peoples With Diseases From Aircraft Testing Carcinogens In Winnipeg – The Linking Pathogen In Neuro-Systemic Diseases Created By The Military
Donald Scott is a retired high school teacher and university professor who is currently president of the Common Cause Medical Research Foundation and adjunct professor of the Institute of Molecular Medicine. He has extensively researched neurosystemic degenerative diseases over the past five years and has authored many documents on the relationship between degenerative diseases and a pathogenic mycoplasma called Mycoplasma fermentans. His research is based upon solid government evidence. This document clearly shows the bio warfare research, and release of mycoplasma’s into the environment which had been sprayed, released in mosquitoes, etc on populations with no knowledge or informed consent.
Next they said, “How about testing it in Canada?” In 1953, the U.S. asked the government of Canada if they could test this carcinogenic chemical over the city of Winnipeg. It was a big city with 500,000 people, miles from anywhere. They sprayed the chemical in a 1,000% attenuated form, which they said would be so watered down that nobody would get very sick. However, if people came to clinics with a sniffle, a sore throat, or ringing in their ears, the researchers would be able to determine what percentage would have developed cancer if it had been full strength. When we located evidence that the Americans had tested this carcinogenic chemical over the city of Winnipeg in 1953, and informed the government that we had this evidence, they denied it. However, finally, on May 15, 1997, a story out of the Canadian Press in Washington, D.C. by Robert Russo, published in the Toronto Star, stated that the Pentagon of the United States admitted that in 1953 they had obtained permission from the government of Canada to fly over the city of Winnipeg and spray this crap out, and it sifted down on kids going to school, housewives hanging out their laundry, and people going to work.
Operation Large Area Coverage – 1957/1958
Operation Large Area Coverage was a U.S. Army Chemical Corps operation which dispersed microscopiczinc cadmium sulfide (ZnCdS) particles over much of the United States. The purpose was to determine the dispersion and geographic range of biological or chemical agents.
Project Cirrus/Stormfury – 1962 to 1983
The hypothesis was that the silver iodide would cause supercooled water in the storm to freeze, disrupting the inner structure of the hurricane. This led to the seeding of several Atlantic hurricanes. However, it was later shown that this hypothesis was incorrect. It was determined most hurricanes do not contain enough supercooled water for cloud seeding to be effective. Additionally, researchers found that unseeded hurricanes often undergo the same structural changes that were expected from seeded hurricanes. This finding called Stormfury’s successes into question, as the changes reported now had a natural explanation.
Project Cirrus/Stormfury – 1962 to 1983
Project Cirrus was the first attempt to modify a hurricane. It was a collaboration of the General Electric Corporation, United States Weather Bureau, the US Army Signal Corps, the Office of Naval Research, and the US Air Force. After several preparations, and initial skepticism by government scientists, the first attempt to modify a hurricane began on October 3, 1947 on a hurricane that was heading west to east and out to sea.
Operation Popeye – 1967/72
Operation Popeye was a highly classified weather modification program in Southeast Asia during 1967-1972. The cloud seeding operation during the Vietnam war ran from March 20, 1967 until July 5, 1972 in an attempt to extend the monsoon season, specifically over areas of the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The operation was used to induce rain and extend the East Asian Monsoon season in support of U.S. government efforts related to the War in Southeast Asia.
Project Cloverleaf – 1997 to Present
Project Cloverleaf is a joint US-Canadian military operation involving distributing chemicals into the atmosphere above Canada and the United States. Both US military refueling tankers and thousands of planes in private corporate aviation are used. Military & civilian aspects of Project Cloverleaf are covert operations. The purpose is to seed into the atmosphere multiple weather/climate modification chemicals for purposes of proactive environmental warfare, originally motivated by a climate change concern; & to introduce highly humanly toxic metallic salts and aerosol fibers that facilitate atmospheric operations of HAARP technology (which is involved in climate manipulation). Piggybacking on this, the covert distribution framework of the toxic metals & chemicals has been used in other covert military/civilian operations like massive biological experiments on whole cities and countrysides of people/ecologies— tests which are unauthorized & without consent or even public knowledge.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health – Feasibility of Aerosol Vaccinations in Humans – 2003
Canada’s Weather Modification Act – Justice Laws Website
Geoengineering: A Half Century of Earth System Experimentation
ENMOD Treaty Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
From the U.S. Department of State website.
Signed in Geneva May 18, 1977
Entered into force October 5, 1978
United Nations Office For Disarmament Affairs – UNODA
The modern use of chemical weapons began with World War I, when both sides to the conflict used poisonous gas to inflict agonizing suffering and to cause significant battlefield casualties. Such weapons basically consisted of well known commercial chemicals put into standard munitions such as grenades and artillery shells. Chlorine, phosgene (a choking agent) and mustard gas (which inflicts painful burns on the skin) were among the chemicals used.
Military Document – Weather as a Force Multiplier, Owning the Weather by 2025
HR 2977 Space Preservation Act, 2001-2002 (Original Text)
Report to the Chairman Committee, on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, 2010 Climate Change GAO – A Co-ordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
Plasma and Electro-Energetic Physics :
Program Description: The objective of this program is to understand and control the interaction of electromagnetic energy and charged particles to produce useful work in a variety of arenas, including directed energy weapons, sensors and radar, electronic warfare, communications, novel compact accelerators, and innovative applications of plasma chemistry, such as plasma-enhanced combustion and plasma aerodynamic.
US. Navy Sonar Testing Program
In a letter to NOAA, dated June 19, 2009, several U.S. Senators, including U.S. Senator Feinstein and U.S. Congressman Henry Waxman, stated: “…In many regions, the Navy plans to increase the number of its exercises or expand the areas in which they may occur, and virtually every coastal state will be affected. Some exercises may occur in the nation’s most biologically sensitive marine habitats, including National Marine Sanctuaries and breeding habitat for the endangered North Atlantic right whale. In all, the Navy anticipates more than 2.3 million takes (significant disruptions in marine mammal foraging, breeding, and other essential behaviors) per year, or 11.7 million takes over the course of a five-year permit…”
Treaty – E103819, Agreement Between Canada and the United States of America Relating to the Exchange of Information on Weather Modification Activities
Smart Dust Autonomous Sensing And Communication In A Cubic Millimeter